Korea: Chosen

In the very early times, Korea was divided into several kingdoms.

The kingdoms were not united until the tenth century. The eighth and ninth centuries were a golden age of Korean art, architecture and literature.

A treaty of commerce and friendship was signed with the United States in 1882, which dealt with Korea as an independent country.

"Land of the morning calm", Japanese called it Chosen. After the defeat of Japan in 1945, Russian forces occupied Korea north which divides the country practically in the middle with United States forces, in the southern part. North Korea was under the Soviet sphere of influence, which South Korea developed strong ties with the Western powers.

Korea today, produces movies and musics that command worldwide attention.


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